Map of Corbett Tiger Reserve
Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation venture, launched in India in 1972 to protect Royal Bengal Tiger. An estimate of the tiger population in India, placed the figure around 45,000, at the turn of the 19th century. In 1972, it revealed the existence of 1827 tigers only after the first ever all-India tiger census.
The project was launched in 1973 from the Dhikala zone of Jim Corbett National Park, which is part of Corbett Tiger Reserve. Together with Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary & reserve forest area, Jim Corbett National Park of 521sq km forms Corbett Tiger Reserve which covers 1288.31 sq. kms spreading over three districts of Uttarakhand viz., Pauri, Nainital and Almora.
Ramganga, Sonanadi, Mandal, Palain and Kosi are the major rivers are the most significant hydrological resource flowing through the Jim Corbett National Park. The park shelters lots of endangered species includes 50 mammal species, 549 bird species and 26 reptile species.
The dense Jungles of the Jim Corbett National Park were the private land of the local rulers as the princely state of Tehri Garhwal before the years 1815-20 of the British Rule. The jungles were uninhabited to make the area less unprotected to Rohilla attackers. The Maha Raja of Tehri authoritatively surrendered a division of his princely state to the East India Company in return for their support in ousting the Gurkhas from his state. Even if the actuality that the rights had passed into the British hands, the government compensated modest or no concern to the protection of the park.The single aim was to develop the natural resources and take out as much profits as possible from the jungle.
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